The world of thought in ancient China

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However, the two trends are not completely separated and most of the scholars in the field adopt a synthetic approach. The editors also show a similar attitude in the introduction.

Ancient Chinese Philosophy

Chen, Huanzhang. New York: Columbia University Press. Cohen, Paul. Hu, Jichuang. Chinese Economic Thought before the Seventeenth Century. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press. Ma, Ying and Hans-Michael Trautwein eds.

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Thoughts on Economic Development in China. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. Wu, Baosan. Beijing: China Social Sciences Press. School of Economics, Peking University, qunyi pku.

An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.

Revue des livres. Bibliographie Chen, Huanzhang.

  1. Roel Sterckx.
  2. Selected Bibliography on Ancient Chinese Logic!
  3. Libertarianism in Ancient China.
  4. Haut de page. Suivez-nous Flux RSS. Fajia or legalism is another classical Chinese philosophy that advocates strict legal control for all classes. It maintained that humans are selfish creatures who had to be governed through strict enforcement of laws to achieve and preserve social order.

    But more than just a belief that humans were innately evil, the Legalists expanded vileness and immorality to education. In other words, reading was considered illegal and futile activity. In B. He standardized everything, including thought. Legalism is exactly what it sounds like; do what the law says, or else.

    How Ancient Chinese Thought Applies Today

    This appeals to authoritarian leaders because it forces social cohesion. This led to the disciples of legalism during the Qin dynasty to burn all books other than those related to farming, weaving, and divination--which were considered the only productive disciplines in ancient China. Those scholars who opposed this philosophy experienced severe punishments, with some of them being buried alive.

    Instead, the laws serve as lessons. As a natural philosopher, Lao-Tzu the Old Master knew that people could live in harmony if they go beyond their selfish interests. Before that, however, gatekeeper Yin Hsi successfully convinced Lao-Tzu to write a book which then marked the beginning of Taoism. Taoism, as a philosophy, teaches humanity to adhere to the rhythm of the natural and the supernatural world, to follow the Way tao of the universe, and to live in harmony.

    In governance, Taoism advocates inaction or avoiding excessive interference. Don't resist them-- that only creates sorrow.

    Let reality be reality. Let things flow naturally forward in whatever they like. That is to say, they made a living by their use of rhetoric and wordplay. Although the dictum is sometimes considered nonsense, it is also subject to many interpretations today.

    Chinese Thought

    It asserted that men do not lack love. Rather, they are mostly partial in compassion which has become an indispensable source of humanity's downfall. Chapters 6, 8, 10 and 11 all contribute to the analysis of the economic theories of Confucianism, the most influential school of philosophy in ancient China. The article by Tang Chapter 6 emphasizes the philosophical perspective of Chinese economic thought proposed by Wu in Chapter 2. The author argues that various schools in the pre-Qin period could be reclassified into two groups—Confucianism and Daoism. Therefore, the fundamental discourse of economic thinkers can be conveniently analyzed through the comparison of the arguments of two schools.

    In the following analysis he compares the different Teachings of Confucius and Laos in the treatments of totality, desire, utopia, private ownership, production, trading, allocation and consumption.

    Ancient and Imperial China

    The most distinct difference lies in the status of the two paradigms. While the economic thought of Confucianism dominates the economic life of feudal society in China, the essence of Daoism is popularized among the non-orthodox schools of thought and non-governmental areas. The latter had quite a few followers after the Qin and Han dynasties. The deviation from the philosophical view is explained by a variety of academic schools in Confucianism. The chapter further argues that Confucian economic thought has exerted a positive influence on the rise of the East Asian economies, which is related to the main theme of the third part of the book.

    Although it is an interesting topic, not only in other East Asian countries, but also among other developing areas, the book only touches on the subject here, in several short sentences. The other two papers relating to Confucianism differ from each other, presenting macro and micro perspectives respectively. The present system of market economy in China is evaluated as an ideal construct for the Chinese people, which will help to transform the economy and successfully achieve social modernization.

    Jia belongs to the school of nong jia Agriculturists. This is divided into three parts: zhi sheng zhi dao profession to make a living , zhi sheng zhi li principles to make a living and zhi sheng zhi ce strategies to make a living , which are recognized as a framework of systematic family economics of feudal landlords.

    Taiping Rebellion

    In an original approach, the author combines economics with business management as a basis for researching the history of management thought in China, which is the topic he particularly focuses on later. Ye Chapter 9 begins with the core controversial question: Has Chinese economics ever really existed? Looking at similarities in Japanese and other language materials, she reviews the evolution of the two words along a timeline and proposes an objective attitude towards the different traditions of economic ideas.